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世界杯外围投注官网

2017-11-30

OpenStack-M版(Mitaka)搭建启动实例。Openstack启动实例:没有先安装Dashboard就创建实例是怕控制台访问实例是失败状态你们心态崩,这个错了就慢慢排错吧重点检查Nova。1 创建一个小规模的主机

Openstack启动实例

没有先安装Dashboard就创建实例是怕控制台访问实例是失败状态你们心态崩,这个错了就慢慢排错吧重点检查Nova

1.创建一个小规模的主机

原因:

默认的最小规格的主机需要512 MB内存,电脑太low我需要64 MB的规格的主机,后面这两个节点还要搭建swift,cinder怕来不起

1.在控制节点上,加载admin凭证来获取管理员能执行的命令访问权限:

. admin-openrc
2.创建64mb的主机

openstack flavor create --id 0 --vcpus 1 --ram 64 --disk 1 m1.nano

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack flavor create --id 0 --vcpus 1 --ram 64 --disk 1 m1.nano
+----------------------------+---------+
| Field                      | Value   |
+----------------------------+---------+
| OS-FLV-DISABLED:disabled   | False   |
| OS-FLV-EXT-DATA:ephemeral  | 0       |
| disk                       | 1       |
| id                         | 0       |
| name                       | m1.nano |
| os-flavor-access:is_public | True    |
| ram                        | 64      |
| rxtx_factor                | 1.0     |
| swap                       |         |
| vcpus                      | 1       |
+----------------------------+---------+

2.生成一个键值对

介绍:

大部分云镜像支持公共密钥认证而不是传统的密码认证。在启动实例前,你必须添加一个公共密钥到计算服务。

1.在控制节点上,加载demo凭证来获取世界杯体育投注平台命令访问权限:

. demo-openrc

2.生成和添加秘钥对

ssh-keygen -q -N ""--------直接敲回车

openstack keypair create --public-key ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub mykey

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 ssh-keygen -q -N ""
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): 
[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack keypair create --public-key ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub mykey
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                           |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| fingerprint | b8:80:d6:b1:e5:a0:14:7c:80:27:02:85:fe:2f:a0:52 |
| name        | mykey                                           |
| user_id     | f16e48a0a33748f68d99c7e6cdd932a5                |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+

3.验证公钥的添加

openstack keypair list
[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack keypair list
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Name  | Fingerprint                                     |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+
| mykey | b8:80:d6:b1:e5:a0:14:7c:80:27:02:85:fe:2f:a0:52 |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+

3.增加安全组规则

介绍:

默认情况下,default安全组适用于所有实例并且包括拒绝远程访问实例的防火墙规则。

对诸如CirrOS这样的Linux镜像,我们推荐至少允许ICMP (ping) 和安全shell(SSH)规则。

1.添加规则到default安全组

openstack security group rule create --proto icmp default

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack security group rule create --proto icmp default
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field                 | Value                                |
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------+
| id                    | e892efe2-9899-4d70-956b-1a270a5ec554 |
| ip_protocol           | icmp                                 |
| ip_range              | 0.0.0.0/0                            |
| parent_group_id       | abcb4395-0abd-473f-b1b9-37f77b4772cf |
| port_range            |                                      |
| remote_security_group |                                      |
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------+

2.允许安全 shell (SSH) 的访问

openstack security group rule create --proto tcp --dst-port 22 default

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack security group rule create --proto tcp --dst-port 22 default
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field                 | Value                                |
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------+
| id                    | 23259718-957f-4743-8069-c5f02d89fb40 |
| ip_protocol           | tcp                                  |
| ip_range              | 0.0.0.0/0                            |
| parent_group_id       | abcb4395-0abd-473f-b1b9-37f77b4772cf |
| port_range            | 22:22                                |
| remote_security_group |                                      |
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------+

4.启动一个实例(私有网络)

1.在控制节点上,加载demo凭证来获取世界杯体育投注平台命令访问权限

. demo-openrc

2.查看虚拟机资源分配可用类型

openstack flavor list

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack flavor list
+----+-----------+-------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| ID | Name      |   RAM | Disk | Ephemeral | VCPUs | Is Public |
+----+-----------+-------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| 0  | m1.nano   |    64 |    1 |         0 |     1 | True      |
| 1  | m1.tiny   |   512 |    1 |         0 |     1 | True      |
| 2  | m1.small  |  2048 |   20 |         0 |     1 | True      |
| 3  | m1.medium |  4096 |   40 |         0 |     2 | True      |
| 4  | m1.large  |  8192 |   80 |         0 |     4 | True      |
| 5  | m1.xlarge | 16384 |  160 |         0 |     8 | True      |
+----+-----------+-------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+

3.列出可用镜像

openstack image list

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack image list
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name   | Status |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| 817197c2-f18c-4c60-9fe6-cbd19cfabded | cirros | active |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+

4.列出可用网络

openstack network list

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack network list
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Subnets                              |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| 1e09654a-22c1-475b-ace6-d91b6852da3e | provider    | 42af45a3-eabf-4ac6-96f4-3755eca2c4ee |
| 57961b46-8023-4e74-a16d-c806deebbfd6 | selfservice | 105b6f53-b7c5-47c9-926c-e973bd8ad514 |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------------------------------------+

5.列出可用的安全组

openstack security group list

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack security group list
+--------------------------------------+---------+------------------------+----------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name    | Description            | Project                          |
+--------------------------------------+---------+------------------------+----------------------------------+
| abcb4395-0abd-473f-b1b9-37f77b4772cf | default | Default security group | 8cc1c04a21ae4165a1667e0bd5029831 |
+--------------------------------------+---------+------------------------+----------------------------------+

6.启动实例

上面之所以查询是因为下面命令要用的

使用``selfservice``网络的ID替换57961b46-8023-4e74-a16d-c806deebbfd6

openstack server create --flavor m1.tiny --image cirros \

--nic net-id=57961b46-8023-4e74-a16d-c806deebbfd6 --security-group default \
--key-name mykey selfservice-instance

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack server create --flavor m1.tiny --image cirros \
> --nic net-id=57961b46-8023-4e74-a16d-c806deebbfd6 --security-group default \
> --key-name mykey selfservice-instance
+--------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| Field                                | Value                                         |
+--------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| OS-DCF:diskConfig                    | MANUAL                                        |
| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone          |                                               |
| OS-EXT-STS:power_state               | 0                                             |
| OS-EXT-STS:task_state                | scheduling                                    |
| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state                  | building                                      |
| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at               | None                                          |
| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at             | None                                          |
| accessIPv4                           |                                               |
| accessIPv6                           |                                               |
| addresses                            |                                               |
| adminPass                            | L5pqf6BkYvDU                                  |
| config_drive                         |                                               |
| created                              | 2017-11-17T01:25:53Z                          |
| flavor                               | m1.tiny (1)                                   |
| hostId                               |                                               |
| id                                   | ea932da6-c51e-4622-bc3e-fffe92252960          |
| image                                | cirros (817197c2-f18c-4c60-9fe6-cbd19cfabded) |
| key_name                             | mykey                                         |
| name                                 | selfservice-instance                          |
| os-extended-volumes:volumes_attached | []                                            |
| progress                             | 0                                             |
| project_id                           | 8cc1c04a21ae4165a1667e0bd5029831              |
| properties                           |                                               |
| security_groups                      | [{u&世界杯外围投注官网39;name&世界杯外围投注官网39;: u&世界杯外围投注官网39;default&世界杯外围投注官网39;}]                       |
| status                               | BUILD                                         |
| updated                              | 2017-11-17T01:25:57Z                          |
| user_id                              | f16e48a0a33748f68d99c7e6cdd932a5              |
+--------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+

7.查看云主机

openstack server list

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack server list
+--------------------------------------+----------------------+--------+----------------------+
| ID                                   | Name                 | Status | Networks             |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------+--------+----------------------+
| ea932da6-c51e-4622-bc3e-fffe92252960 | selfservice-instance | ACTIVE | selfservice=10.0.0.3 |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------+--------+----------------------+
当构建过程完全成功后,状态会从BUILD变为ACTIVE,如果你不是ACTIVE恭喜你你错搭,排错吧

5.远程访问云主机

1.在公有网络上创建浮动IP地址池

openstack ip floating create provider

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack ip floating create provider
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| fixed_ip    | None                                 |
| id          | 6177d04c-3c95-4597-944d-74737f7f542a |
| instance_id | None                                 |
| ip          | 192.168.200.102                      |
| pool        | provider                             |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+

2.为实例分配浮动IP

openstack ip floating add 192.168.200.102 selfservice-instance

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack ip floating add 192.168.200.102 selfservice-instance
[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网

此操作无返回

3.检查这个浮动 IP 地址的状态

openstack server list

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack server list
+--------------------------------------+----------------------+--------+---------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name                 | Status | Networks                              |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------+--------+---------------------------------------+
| ea932da6-c51e-4622-bc3e-fffe92252960 | selfservice-instance | ACTIVE | selfservice=10.0.0.3, 192.168.200.102 |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------+--------+---------------------------------------+

4.通过浮动IP地址ping通实例

ping -c 4 192.168.200.102

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 openstack server list
+--------------------------------------+----------------------+--------+---------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name                 | Status | Networks                              |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------+--------+---------------------------------------+
| ea932da6-c51e-4622-bc3e-fffe92252960 | selfservice-instance | ACTIVE | selfservice=10.0.0.3, 192.168.200.102 |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------+--------+---------------------------------------+
[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 ping -c 4 192.168.200.102
PING 192.168.200.102 (192.168.200.102) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 192.168.200.102: icmp_seq=1 ttl=63 time=24.0 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.200.102: icmp_seq=2 ttl=63 time=2.17 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.200.102: icmp_seq=3 ttl=63 time=0.830 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.200.102: icmp_seq=4 ttl=63 time=0.853 ms
--- 192.168.200.102 ping statistics ---
4 packets transmitted, 4 received, 0% packet loss, time 3005ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.830/6.974/24.039/9.867 ms

5.使用 SSH远程访问实例

ssh cirros@192.168.200.102

[root@controller ~]世界杯外围投注官网 ssh cirros@192.168.200.102
The authenticity of host &世界杯外围投注官网39;192.168.200.102 (192.168.200.102)&世界杯外围投注官网39; can&世界杯外围投注官网39;t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 0d:2b:c3:d8:10:82:27:c5:71:24:55:4f:0d:66:3e:03.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added &世界杯外围投注官网39;192.168.200.102&世界杯外围投注官网39; (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
$ 
$ 
$ 
$ 

6.在测试实例是否能连通外网

sudo ping -c 4 www.baidu.com

$ 
$ sudo ping -c 4 www.baidu.com
PING www.baidu.com (58.217.200.37): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 58.217.200.37: seq=0 ttl=127 time=34.494 ms
64 bytes from 58.217.200.37: seq=1 ttl=127 time=34.757 ms
64 bytes from 58.217.200.37: seq=2 ttl=127 time=35.531 ms
64 bytes from 58.217.200.37: seq=3 ttl=127 time=34.806 ms
--- www.baidu.com ping statistics ---
4 packets transmitted, 4 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 34.494/34.897/35.531 ms
$ 

ping通说明你网络没有问题,不然不是你没有开网就是有问题

到此你完成了一个最基本,下面一步将搭建Dashboard用图形化界面访问

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